Chronology of Grant's Final Campaign and Siege of Vicksburg
March 29 - July 4th, 1863
For a discussion of sources on the Vicksburg operations, click here.
Chronology entries in blue refer to Union operations; those in gray to Confederate operations; those in red to actual combat.
|March 29-30||McClernand (XIII Corps) begins moving down the west side of the river, to New Carthage.|
|April 16||First set of gunboats and transports runs past the Vicksburg batteries.|
|April 17||Grierson sets out from LaGrange, Tennessee.|
|April 22||Second set of transports runs past the batteries.|
|April 24||Grierson breaks railroad between Jackson and Meridian at Newton Station|
fails to reduce Grand Gulf.
Sherman demonstrates north of Vicksburg.
continues his demonstration
XIII (McClernand) and XVII Corps (McPherson) begin crossing the Mississippi at Bruinsburg.
Sherman ordered to join Grant.
|May 1||Battle of Port Gibson; McClernand and McPherson defeat Bowen.|
|May 2||Grierson reaches safety at Baton Rouge.|
|May 5-7||McPherson feints north at Vicksburg from Hankinson's Ferry on the Big Black River.|
|May 8||XV Corps (Sherman) joins Grant.|
|May 9||Johnston ordered to go from Tullahoma to Mississippi and take command in the field.|
|May 12||Battle of Raymond; McPherson defeats Gregg.|
|May 13||Joe Johnston arrives at Jackson to take command, wires Richmond, "I am too late."|
|May 14||Battle of Jackson; Sherman and McPherson defeat Johnston.|
|May 16||Battle of Champion Hill; Loring's division separated from Pemberton's army.|
|May 17||Battle of Big Black River Bridge; Pemberton loses 1700 prisoners.|
|May 18||Vicksburg invested; four Confederate divisions (Stevenson's, Bowen's, Forney's, and Smith's) are trapped inside the lines.|
|May 19||First assault.|
|May 22||Second assault.|
|June 3||Kimball's Provisional Division arrives.|
|June 6-7||Grant's Satartia trip.|
|June 7||Battle of Milliken's Bend; Confederates under Richard Taylor attack Grant's base on the west bank of the Mississippi, are repulsed.|
|June 11||F.J. Herron's division arrives from Arkansas.|
|June 12||1/XVI (W.S. Smith) arrives.|
|June 14||Two divisions of IX Corps begin to arrive from Kentucky.|
|June 18||McClernand relieved.|
|June 22||Sherman's expeditionary force formed.|
|June 25-28||Mine exploded under 3rd Louisiana Redan; active combat rages for three days before Federals withdraw.|
|June 28||Anonymous soldiers warn Pemberton the garrison is close to mutiny over rations.|
mine exploded under 3rd Louisiana Redan, but no follow-up
attack is made.
Pemberton asks his division commanders for their views of the situation.
|July 2||Capt. Comstock issues guidelines for proposed July 6 assault.|
|July 3||Flag of truce appears between the lines, and discussions begin between Grant and Pemberton as to the surrender of the city and its garrison.|
|July 4||Pemberton surrenders the city and its garrison.|